1993 Volume 66 Issue 11 Pages 3142-3152
In the polymerization of vinyl benzoate, the tacticity of the obtained polymer is changed toward less isotactic by UV irradiation. To explain this phenomenon, it was assumed that the growing terminal of the polymer was excited by UV irradiation and that the coplanarity of the vinyl benzoates was broken. It was thus naturally concluded that the existence of a twisted radical reduced the isotacticity. To examine the above assumption, the electronic structures of the ground and excited states of 1-(benzoyloxy)ethyl radical () were studied as a model of the growing terminal of the polymer by ab initio SCF and CI calculations. The present calculation, however, showed that the planer structure was stable in both the ground and excited states.
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