1993 Volume 66 Issue 11 Pages 3483-3491
In the presence of 20 mol% of a chiral (acyloxy)borane (CAB) complex prepared from BH3·THF and a chiral mono-O-acylated tartaric acid, achiral silyl enol ethers or ketene silyl acetals react with achiral aldehydes to afford the corresponding aldol-type adducts in good yields with high enantio- and diastereoselectivities. Furthermore, the reactivity of aldol-type reactions can be improved without reducing the enantioselectivity by use of 10—20 mol% of the CAB complex prepared from 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenylboronic acid and chiral tartaric acid derivative. The enantioselectivity can also be improved without reducing the chemical yield by use of 20 mol% of the CAB complex prepared from o-phenoxyphenylboronic acid and chiral tartaric acid derivative. The observed erythro selectivities and re-face attack of nucleophiles on carbonyl carbon of aldehydes imply that the extended transition state model is applicable.
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