Volume 88 (2015) Issue 3 Pages 410-418
Solution-phase synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is a powerful tool for structural and mechanistic investigations of paramagnetic organoiron intermediates in solution-phase reactions. For paramagnetic organotransition metal intermediates, difficulties are often encountered with conventional NMR- and EPR-based analyses. By using solution-phase XAS, we succeeded in identifying the organoiron species formed in the reaction of iron bisphosphine with mesitylmagnesium bromide, MesMgBr, and 1-bromodecane in a [FeX2(SciOPP)]-catalyzed Kumada–Tamao–Corriu (KTC)-type cross-coupling reaction. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra showed that the resulting aryliron species possessed a divalent oxidation state. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) demonstrated that the solution-phase molecular geometries of these species are in satisfactory agreement with the crystallographic geometries of [FeIIBrMes(SciOPP)] and [FeIIMes2(SciOPP)]. By combining GC-quantitative analysis and solution-phase XAS, the cross-coupling reactivities of these aryliron species were successfully investigated in the reaction with 1-bromodecane under stoichiometric and catalytic conditions.