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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Vol. 88 (2015) No. 3 P 410-418



BCSJ Award Article

Solution-phase synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is a powerful tool for structural and mechanistic investigations of paramagnetic organoiron intermediates in solution-phase reactions. For paramagnetic organotransition metal intermediates, difficulties are often encountered with conventional NMR- and EPR-based analyses. By using solution-phase XAS, we succeeded in identifying the organoiron species formed in the reaction of iron bisphosphine with mesitylmagnesium bromide, MesMgBr, and 1-bromodecane in a [FeX2(SciOPP)]-catalyzed Kumada–Tamao–Corriu (KTC)-type cross-coupling reaction. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra showed that the resulting aryliron species possessed a divalent oxidation state. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) demonstrated that the solution-phase molecular geometries of these species are in satisfactory agreement with the crystallographic geometries of [FeIIBrMes(SciOPP)] and [FeIIMes2(SciOPP)]. By combining GC-quantitative analysis and solution-phase XAS, the cross-coupling reactivities of these aryliron species were successfully investigated in the reaction with 1-bromodecane under stoichiometric and catalytic conditions.
Solution-phase molecular structures of organoiron intermediates of Kumada–Tamao–Corriu-type cross-coupling were illuminated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The intermediacy of halomesityl iron complex of [FeIIBrMes(SciOPP)] and dimesityl iron complex of [FeIIMes2(SciOPP)] was adequately elucidated with formal nonredox FeII/FeII catalytic cycle. Fullsize Image


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