Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-0634
Print ISSN : 0009-2673
ISSN-L : 0009-2673
Absorption Spectra of Co-ordination Compounds. III. Special Bands of Chromium Complexes
Ryutaro TsuchidaMasahisa Kobayashi
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1938 Volume 13 Issue 7 Pages 471-480

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Abstract

(1) Absorption spectra of several chromic complexes were measured and it was found that the spectrochemical series is coincident with that for cobaltic complexes.
(2) From the spectrochemical series was discussed the stability of the chromic complexes and some of the methods of preparation were explained.
(3) All the chromic complexes have the first and the second bands. [Cr(NH3)5NCS] (NCS)2 has another band in addition, which is due to the group M←N=C (M= a metal-ion of any kind and valency). [Cr(NH3)2(NCS)4]NH4 and [Cr(NCS)6]K3 have four bands each, the first, the second, the special and the third. The special bands are due to the same origin as that of [Cr(NH3)5NCS]X2 and the third bands are attributed to trans-pairing of the anions.
(4) Chromate ion, a quadri-coördinate complex, has not the first band, but the second and the third, as could be expected from the author’s hypotheses.
(5) Absorption spectra of polynuclear compounds may be analysed into those of component complex radicals. For example [Co(NH3)5CrO4]Cl has three bands, of which one is the first band of the sexa-coördinate cobaltic complex and the other two are mainly the second and the third band of quadri-coördinate chromate radical. The second band of the former is almost entirely covered by the second band of the latter.

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