Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-0634
Print ISSN : 0009-2673
ISSN-L : 0009-2673
Rheological Properties of Thermo-reversible Gels
Kiyoshi Arakawa
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1962 Volume 35 Issue 2 Pages 309-312

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Abstract

From the stress relaxation data of various kinds of thermo-reversible gels obtained by means of a chainomatic balance relaxometer, it has been found that:
1) The modified time-temperature superposition principle which includes the vertical shift along the log Er(t) axis as well as along the log time axis can be successfully applied to the hydrogels of agar-agar and gelatin, and composite relaxation curves are obtained with good coincidence;
2) The activation energy Δ\barH which is obtained from the τ1 vs. 1/T relation and which is regarded as the activation energy of the bond cleavage process at the junctions in the network is substantially equal to the value of the hydrogen bond in water and ethyl alcohol for the gels of the polyvinyl alcohol-glycerin-water system and for the hydrogels of agar-agar and gelatin; the value of Δ\barH is, however, a little larger for the gels of the polyvinyl alcohol-Congo red-water system.

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