Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-0634
Print ISSN : 0009-2673
ISSN-L : 0009-2673
The Spectrophotometric Determination of Vanadium(IV) with Xylenol Orange
Makoto Otomo
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1963 Volume 36 Issue 2 Pages 137-140


The reddish-violet complex of vanadium with xylenol orange has been studied spectrophotometrically, and the conditions for using xylenol orange as a reagent for the determination of trace amounts of vanadium have been established. The complex shows a maximum absorption at 562 mμ, and the molar extinction coefficient of the complex is found to be 24000. It is a 1:1 complex and has a formation constant of 2.8×106 under the conditions studied. Such anions as oxalate, citrate and EDTA inhibit the color formation of the complex. Some of the interfering cations can, however, be completely or partially masked by adding a fluoride solution.

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