Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-0634
Print ISSN : 0009-2673
ISSN-L : 0009-2673
Thermal and Radiation Oxidations of Benzene to Phenol in Aqueous Solutions Containing Metal Ions at Elevated Temperatures. II. The Effect of Iron Sulfate and Chloride on Phenol Yield
Hiroshi HottaAkira TerakawaKazuo ShimadaNobutake Suzuki
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1963 Volume 36 Issue 6 Pages 721-727


In the ferric sulfate solution, benzene can be oxidized to phenol with a good yield above 170°C, when not irradiated, but at lower temperatures, when irradiated. In the ferrous sulfate solution, the yield of phenol is independent of irradiation, and somewhat larger than in the irradiated ferric sulfate solution. Such a high yield of phenol is due to the complexing of hydroxycyclohexadienyl peroxy radical, produced with OH radical and oxygen dissolved, with ferrous ions.

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