1968 Volume 41 Issue 12 Pages 2861-2866
The effects of temperature and electron scavengers on the hydrogen yield in the radiolysis of methylcyclohexane have been investigated by conventional kinetic techniques. The I value for hydrogen formation from pure methylcyclohexane varied from 4.9 to 4.4 in the range from room temperature to liquid nitrogen temperature. In the iodobenzene-methylcyclohexane system, the decrease in hydrogen yield was equal to the yield of benzene produced within experimental error. It is concluded that the benzene is formed through H atom abstraction from the solvent molecules by phenyl radicals which are formed by dissociative electron attachment to iodobenzene and that the benzene yield indicates the scavenged electron yield. Furthermore, a kinetic treatment for electron scavenging in the glassy state was presented. In the N2O-methylcyclohexane system, it was found that the ratio of the nitrogen yield, G(N2), to the decrease in hydrogen yield, ΔG(H2), is 2 in the temperature range from room temperature to −140°C, 1 at −160°C, and increases from 1 to 4 with increasing N2O concentration at −196°C, respectively.
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