1968 Volume 41 Issue 5 Pages 1120-1125
The γ-radiolysis of liquid olefins was undertaken to obtain reliable evidence for a possible role of hot hydrogen atoms and superexcited states in radiation chemistry. The contribution of thermal hydrogen atoms may reasonably be excluded in this system. The effect of various electron or positive-ion scavengers on hydrogen formation in the radiolyses of liquid propylene and ethylene has been examined. The hydrogen formation is not appreciably affected by these additives, which indicates ionic species may not play an important role in the hydrogen formation. The liquidphase radiolyses of C3H6-C3D6 and C2H4-C2D4 mixtures have also been investigated and compared with those previously reported of C4H8-l - C4D8-l and trans-C4H8 - 2-trans-C4D8-2 mixtures. The data indicate that the hydrogen from the olefins except ethylene may be formed for the most part by bimolecular processes. A large part of the hydrogen from liquid ethylene may be interpreted in terms of the molecular detachment of a hydrogen molecule, while from the other olefins it may be interpreted in terms of the hydrogen-atom abstraction reaction of hot hydrogen atoms formed by direct excitation which must at least partially involve superexcitation. To attempt quantitative substantiation of the above viewpoint a simple calculation has been made based on the so-called optical approximation. Calculated yields of the hydrogen formation are apparently in good agreement with observed ones.
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