1973 Volume 46 Issue 1 Pages 152-156
The factors which influence the crystallization of rare earth carbonates were studied. Crystalline rare earth carbonates were precipitated at various temperatures from aqueous solutions by using sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, trichloroacetic acid, and urea as precipitants. The crystal parameters, compositions, and factors concerning the formations of various carbonates, such as lanthanite-type Ln2(CO3)3·8H2O(Ln=La, Ce), tengeritetype Ln2(CO3)3·nH2O(Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Er, and Y, n=2–3), monoxocarbonate-type Ln2O(CO3)2·nH2O(Ln=La, Ce, Nd, and Sm, n=1–2) and a hydrated double carbonate of rare earth and sodium (rare earth= La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, and Y) were determined by chemical analysis and X-ray powder diffractometry.
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