1973 Volume 46 Issue 9 Pages 2788-2791
The kinetics of the oxidation of ascorbic acid by the copper(II) ion has been studied spectrophotometrically by a stopped-flow technique. At pH 4–6, the initial rate of the decrease in the monohydroascorbate anion is of the second-order with respect to the total concentration of the copper(II) ion and of the first-order with respect to the concentrations of the monovalent and divalent ions of ascorbic acid:
where HA− and A2− are the monovalent and divalent ions of ascorbic acid respectively. k1, k2, and the activation parameters are obtained as follows: k1=3.1×104, k2=6.1×1010 M−2 s−1, ΔH\ eweq=17 kcal/mol, ΔS\ eweq=8.3 cal/deg mol, and ΔG\ eweq=15 kcal/mol. The EPR signal from the ascorbate radical is not observed in the kinetic run by either a flow technique or a quenching technique. Some discussions of the mechanism of the reaction are given.
This article cannot obtain the latest cited-by information.