Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-0634
Print ISSN : 0009-2673
ISSN-L : 0009-2673
1,3-Benzodithiolylium Salts. Synthesis and Reactions with Nucleophilic Reagents
Jyuzo NakayamaKazuo FujiwaraMasamatsu Hoshino
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1976 Volume 49 Issue 12 Pages 3567-3573


Various salts of 1,3-benzodithiolylium ion were prepared in excellent yields on treatment of 2-alkoxy- and 2-alkylthio-1,3-benzodithioles with acids in acetic anhydride. The reactions of 1,3-benzodithiolylium tetrafluoroborate (1a) with a wide variety of nucleophilic reagents (alcohols, water, thiols, hydrogen sulfide, primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, ammonia, N,N-dimethylformamide, electron-rich aromatic compounds, active methylene compounds, tropilidene, and sodium borohydride) were studied. In all cases examined, 1a reacted with nucleophilic reagents at the 2-position to give the corresponding 1,3-benzodithioles in good yields, excepting the reactions with tertiary amines and N,N-dimethylformamide which resulted in the formation of dibenzotetrathiafulvalene. Salt 1a was also prepared from 1,3-benzodithiole and trityl tetrafluoroborate.

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