Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-0634
Print ISSN : 0009-2673
ISSN-L : 0009-2673
Viscosity B-Coefficients, Apparent Molar Volumes, and Activity Coefficients for α- and γ-Cyclodextrins in Aqueous Solutions
Koichiro MiyajimaMasahiro SawadaMasayuki Nakagaki
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1983 Volume 56 Issue 12 Pages 3556-3560

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Abstract

The viscosities and densities at 15, 25, and 35 °C, and activity coefficients at 25 °C for the aqueous solutions of α- and γ-cyclodextrins were measured, and the results were interpreted in terms of solute-solvent and solute-solute interactions. The concentration and temperature dependences of viscosities and apparent molar volumes are almost similar to those of linear saccharides, i.e. maltose and maltotriose, indicating that α- and γ-cyclodextrins are structure forming solutes. However, the concentration dependences of activity coefficients of cyclodextrins are significantly different from those of maltose and maltotriose. The results were tentatively assigned to the formation of dimer in aqueous solutions.

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