日本ベントス学会誌
Online ISSN : 1883-891X
Print ISSN : 1345-112X
ISSN-L : 1345-112X
原著論文
同所的に生息するウミニナBatillaria multiformisとホソウミニナB. attramentariaの個体群構造と潮位分布における経年変化―陸奥湾芦崎干潟での事例
金谷 弦 上村 了美鈴木 孝男五十嵐 健志
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ジャーナル フリー
電子付録

2020 年 75 巻 p. 43-53

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The Ashizaki tidal flat in inner Mutsu Bay, northern Japan, represents the northern limit of the range of the endangered mud snail Batillaria multiformis in Japan. In this study, the population structure and tidal zonation of sympatric B. multiformis and B. attramentaria were examined at stations on the Ashizaki tidal flat from 2010 to 2015. A cohort of smaller individuals (shell length [SL]: 10.0–17.1 mm) of B. multiformis was formed in 2010; however, few cohorts formed during the following years, leading to a decrease in the population density. Batillaria multiformis recruited in the summer and fall, with SL growth of 5–6 and 10–17 mm in June–July and September, respectively, of the second year, and of 20 mm in May–July of the third year. By contrast, B. attramentaria recruited every year (SL growth: 5–6 and 10–17 mm in May and summer, respectively, of the second year, and 15–20 mm in the third summer) and maintained a high population density throughout the study period. The two species recruited in low- to mid-intertidal zones in most cases. Subsequently, a proportion of B. attramentaria moved to the high-intertidal zone, while B. multiformis remained in the low-intertidal zone. Our data suggest that the populations of the two batillariid species studied herein exhibited slower growth rates and attained larger adult sizes compared with other populations in Japan. Less frequent recruitment of B. multiformis in our study site implies that this population of B. multiformis may be vulnerable.

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