2014 年 65 巻 1 号 p. 61-72
Henry Fuseli(1741-1825)'s works that have supernatural subjects such as ghosts, demons, or fairies, are often painted with very strong contrast of light and shade. But in his Lectures on Painting, he claimed that such are not legitimate chiaroscuro, and too strong beam or ray must be a "terror on the eye", because chiaroscuro is a method to compose art in literary unity, and the unity is "inseparable from legitimate chiaroscuro" for his "poetic imitation" theory. Some latter studies show us that Fuseli's paintings have visual elements of theatres and shows like magic lantern or phantasmagoria. But, these observations are not enough to illustrate his method and context of phenomenon, because his art historical discipline that affected to his composition has not been well mentioned yet. Supernatural beings are often painted as forms in nearly "illegitimate chiaroscuro", which means, he painted them as superpictorial beings that alien to whole composition. His style of gothic horror was based on his meta-painting strategy and it was established by applying visual context of modern entertainment to his art historical discipline.