2016 年 67 巻 2 号 p. 1-12
In section 2 of the third Critique (1790) Kant refers to the Iroquois sachem who said the cook-shops (not the palace) in Paris pleased him. The sachem seems to be a barbarian ensnared by appetite and incapable of disinterested pleasure. My paper, however, argues first that Kant, extracting this episode from “The History of New France” (1744) written by a French Jesuit missionary, Charlevoix, tacitly advocates the idea of the noble savage, thereby giving the Iroquois sachem the function of criticizing a luxurious civilization. Second, I show that in the “General Remark on the exposition of aesthetic reflective judgments,” Kant positively evaluates a castaway Crusoe (who is put together in one context with the Iroquois sachem in section 2) as a person who withdraws from civilized society with the consciousness that society is far from the moral ideal. The Iroquois sachem and the castaway Crusoe are examples that anticipate section 83 in the second part of the third Critique, which focuses on the role of the faculty of taste in the process of civilization, thereby incorporating Kant’s theory of taste in the first part of the third Critique into his whole system.