A cDNA clone isolated from a λgt11 expression library of teratocarcinoma OTT6050 specifies for a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of about 44, 000. The new glycoprotein was termed heparin binding protien - 44 (HBP-44), since it was absorbed to a heparin-agarose column and was eluted from it by a buffer containing 1.5 M NaCl. HBP-44 mRNA was intensely expressed in PYS-2 parietal endoderm cells and in the kidney, and the RNA level increased about 10-fold during differentiation of F9 embryonal carcinoma cells to parietal endoderm cells. From the cDNA sequence, HBP-44 was concluded to be rich in charged amino acids, and large segments of the protein appeared to form α-helixes. The protein was considered to be anchored to the membrane by a cluster of hydrophobic amino acids present in the N-terminal region. Indeed, the N-terminal sequence of HBP-44 was homologous to asialoglycoprotein receptor, which is anchored to the membrane by the N-terminal region. Furthermore, a portion of the N-terminal region of HBP-44 was homologous to the leucine zipper domain. Except for the N-terminal region, HBP-44 had over-all homology with structural proteins such as myosin heavy chain. We propose that IIBP-44 is extruded from plasma membranes and interacts with heparin and related molecules and that it is involved in the interactions of plasma membranes with basement membranes.
The Japanese Biochemical Society