1976 年 80 巻 3 号 p. 557-562
The activity of ornithine decarboxylase [EC 18.104.22.168] (ODC) in mouse L cells in the confluent state was induced within 4 hr by cyclic AMP (cAMP) or by insulin. During growth of L cells the concentration of cAMP increased first, then induction of ODC occurred and finally the cell number increased: the levels of cAMP and ODC increased only transitorily and returned to the basal levels when the cells became confluent. In growing cultures, however, the presence of cAMP reduced induction of ODC and cell growth. These results suggest that cAMP is involved in induction of ODC and that its concentration may be important for enzyme induction as well as for cell growth.
Actinomycin D with or without these inducers stimulated induction of ODC in L cells, whereas cycloheximide inhibited it, suggesting that these hormones affect the translational level of ODC synthesis. The effect of actinomycin D on induction of ODC was much greater in non-growing cells than in growing cells.
It was also found that the half life of ODC was 81 min in non-growing cells and 112 min in growing cells. This suggests that turnover of the enzyme is more rapid in the non-growing than in the growing state and that there may be an RNA fraction which controls its turnover and which also has a very short half life.