The Journal of Biochemistry
Online ISSN : 1756-2651
Print ISSN : 0021-924X
Incorporation of Tritium into Cell Materials of Rhodopseudomonas spheroides from Tritiated Water in the Medium under Aerobic Conditions
Tsuyako INOMATAMasataka HIGUCHI
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1976 年 80 巻 3 号 p. 569-578

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When Rhodopseudomonas spheroides cells grown aerobically in the dark were incubated in medium containing tritiated water (THO), incorporation of T into the bacterial cell materials occurred under growth and no-growth conditions. The overall T incorporation under no-growth conditions was stimulated by vigorous aeration and was suppressed strongly in the presence of either 10-3M KCN or 0.3% HgCl2, indicating that the bulk of the incorporation might depend upon bacterial cell metabolism or respiration. 10 μg/ml chloramphenicol and 20 μg/ml rifampicin slightly suppressed the T incorporation. The extent of T incorporation was proportional to the concentration of T in the medium. Accordingly, regardless of differences in the concentration of T in the medium, the maximum ratio of T content per hydrogen atom in the cell materials to that of THO in the medium was approximately 0.2 in non-growing cells and 0.5 in growing cells, whereas the value was 0.02-0.03 in cells incubated in medium containing KCN or HgCl2. The non-growing cells aerated in THO medium were lyophilized and fractionated by the modified method of Schneider. More than 40% of the total T incorporated into the cell materials was recovered in the cold PCA-soluble fraction, whereas the distribution of T into fractions soluble in ether-ethanol, hot PCA and alkali was 10 to 20% each. More than 75% of the T extracted in the cold PCA-soluble fraction was volatile. While the amounts of RNA and protein in the non-growing cells decreased on adding chloramphenicol or rifampicin, the distribution of T in these fractions did not change much. Our results on T incorporation into non-growing cells indicate that the major T incorporation into bacterial cell materials is independent of biosynthetic reactions using labeled precursors produced by the assimilation of T into metabolites, but presumably depends on energy-linked conformational changes of macromolecules.

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