1984 年 96 巻 6 号 p. 1777-1782
Genetic polymorphism was observed in the sialic acid species constituting the terminal sugar residues of hematosides from dog erythrocytes. One was N-acetyl-neuraminic acid and the other phenotype was N-glycolylneuraminic acid, regulated by an autosomal dominant allele (Yasue, S., Handa, S., Miyagawa, S., Inoue, J., Hasegawa, A., & Yamakawa, T. (1978) J. Biochem. 83, 1101-1107). In this study we analyzed blood samples from 1, 591 dogs of 36 breeds and demonstrated that the expression of N-glycolylneuraminic acid was limited to several breeds of oriental dogs in spite of its dominant nature. Moreover, the incidence of N-glycolylneu-raminic acid was higher in native breeds of northern China, Korea and the southern part of Japan than in other oriental breeds. On the other hand, the Hokkaido-dog is unique in not expressing N-glycolylneuraminic acid. These results suggest that the native breeds in the southern part of Japan came from northern China via the Korean peninsula in contrast with indigenous breeds of the northern part of Japan.