In parotid acinar cells, the activation of β-adrenergic receptors induces the accumulation of intracellular cAMP, and consequently provokes the exocytotic release of amylase, a digestive enzyme. The cellular redox status plays a pivotal role in regulating various cellular functions. Cellular redox imbalance caused by the oxidation of cellular antioxidants, as a result of oxidative stress, induces significant biological damage. In this study, we examined the effects of diamide, a thioloxidizing reagent, on amylase release by rat parotid acinar cells. In cells treated with diamide, the formation of cAMP and the release of amylase induced by the β-agonist isoproterenol (IPR) were partially reduced. The inhibitory effect of diamide on the IPR-induced release of amylase could be abrogated by reduced glutathione or dithiothreitol. Diamide had no effect on the amylase release induced by forskolin, an adenylate cyclase activator, or by mastoparan, a heterotrimeric GTPbinding protein activator. In cells treated with diamide, the binding affinity for [3H]DHA, but not the number of binding sites, was reduced. These results suggest that β-adrenergic receptor function is reduced by thiol-oxidation, which inhibits amylase secretion by parotid acinar cells.
2010 Biomedical Research Press