2011 年 32 巻 1 号 p. 55-65
Previous studies suggest that propofol and sevoflurane anaesthesia in rats may have variable effects on the proteome. Brains from untreated rats and rats anaesthetised with intravenous propofol infusion or inhaled sevoflurane were collected at various time points post-anaesthesia and subjected to global protein expression profiling using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Significant changes in protein spot intensity (i.e. expression) between the propofol and sevoflurane groups demonstrated clear similarities and differences in proteomic regulation by these anaesthetics. The proteins regulated were broadly classified into groups involved in cytoskeletal/neuronal growth, cellular metabolism, signalling, and cell stress/death responses. Proteins concerned with cell death and stress responses were down-regulated by both agents, but the anaesthetics had variable effects on proteins in the other groups. Importantly, proteins such as Ulip2 and dihydropyrimidinaselike-2 were regulated in opposite directions by propofol and sevoflurane. Moreover, the timecourse of regulation of proteins varied depending on the agent used. These data suggest different underlying mechanisms of proteomic regulation. We found that sevoflurane anaesthesia had more pronounced effects, on a wider range of proteins, and over an apparently longer duration than propofol. Thus, sevoflurane could be considered a more disruptive anaesthetic agent. Our findings show that protein expression is regulated differentially according to the anaesthetic agent and the method of delivery support and extend our previous observations of differential genomic regulation by anaesthetics in the brain. This study highlights the power of proteomic studies in assessing the effects of certain anaesthetics on the integrity of neuronal structure and function.