2011 年 32 巻 2 号 p. 143-150
No suitable mouse model is available for studying chronic liver disease caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV). CD81, claudin-1, scavenger receptor class B type I, and occludin were recently reported to be the important factors in HCV entry into hepatocytes. We made transgenic mice (Alb-CCSO) expressing the four human proteins and examined whether HCV from a patient serum or HCV pseudoparticles (HCVpp) were capable of infecting them. HCV was not detected in the mouse serum after injecting the mice with HCV from a patient serum. We also found no indications of HCVpp entry into primary hepatocytes from Alb-CCSO mice. In addition, HCV-infectible Hep3B cells were fused with HCV-resistant primary mouse hepatocytes and the fused cells showed 35-fold lower infectivity compared to wild-type Hep3B cells, indicating that primary mouse hepatocytes have the inhibitory factor(s) in HCVpp entry. Our results suggest that the expression of the human factors does not confer susceptibility to HCV entry into the liver.