2011 年 32 巻 2 号 p. 91-102
Some reports have shown that electroconvulsive shock therapy is effective for treating refractory neuropathic pain. However, its mechanism of action remains unknown. This study analyzes changes in protein expression in the brainstems of neuropathic pain model rats with or without electroconvulsive stimulation (ECS). A neuropathic pain model rat is produced by chronic constrictive injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve. An ECS was administered to rodents once daily for 6 days after the CCI operation. After ECS, the latency to withdrawal from thermal stimulation was significantly increased. The expression of several proteins was changed after CCI. Ten proteins that increased after CCI then had decreased expression levels (close to control) after ECS, and 8 proteins that decreased after CCI then had increased expression levels (close to control) after ECS. In conclusion, ECS improved thermal hypersensitivity in a rat CCI model. Proteomic analysis showed that altered expression levels of proteins in the brainstem of CCI model rats returned to close to control levels after ECS, including many proteins associated with pain. This trend suggests an association of ECS with improved hypersensitivity, and these results may help elucidate the mechanism of this effect.