2011 Volume 32 Issue 6 Pages 363-372
This study investigated whether the suppression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α up-regulation prevents high-dose and long-term UVB-induced wrinkle formation and angiogenesis associated with increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 activities. Twenty-four hairless mice were assigned to three groups: 1) control, 2) UVB-irradiation (UVB), and 3) UVB-irradiation followed by hyperoxia (UVB+HO). The backs of the mice were exposed to UVB irradiation three times a week for 10 weeks. To suppress UVB-induced cutaneous HIF-1α up-regulation, the mice were exposed to hyperoxia (90% oxygen) for 2 h immediately after each UVB irradiation. The UVB and UVB+HO groups had significantly increased degrees of wrinkle formation, dermal blood vessel density, and MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities compared with the control group. HIF-1α expression levels were significantly higher in the UVB group than in the control group whereas these levels remained unchanged in the UVB+HO groups. The activity of type 1 collagenase which digests collagen type 1 (a main component of the dermis), was similar in all groups; furthermore, the dermal soluble collagen content was similar in all groups. These results suggest that the suppression of increases in HIF-1α levels alone is insufficient to restrain wrinkle formation caused by higher doses and longer periods of the UVB irradiation that led to the up-regulation of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities.