2013 Volume 34 Issue 4 Pages 205-214
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in innate immunity by recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Various environmental materials including lipids may affect TLR signaling and modulate innate immune responses. We previously reported that 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid (10H2DA) inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced interleukin (IL)-6 and nitric oxide (NO) production via inhibiting NF-κB activation. In this study, we investigated the effect of 10-hydroxydecanoic acid (10HDA), a saturated fatty acid of 10H2DA, on LPS-induced cytokines/chemokines and NO production. 10HDA inhibited LPS-induced NO production, but not tumor necrosis factor-α or IL-6 production. LPS-induced activation of interferon (IFN)-stimulated response element, but not NF-κB, was inhibited by 10HDA. Phosphorylation of STAT1 and STAT2 was not affected, but IFN-regulatory factor (IRF)-1 production was significantly reduced by 10HDA. The LPS-induced increase of IRF-1 mRNA, however, was not affected by 10HDA. We found that IRF-1 mRNA level in the polysomal fraction was significantly decreased by 10HDA. Further, LPS-induced phosphorylation of Akt and 4E-BP1, which control mRNA translation, was markedly decreased. These results suggest that 10HDA inhibited LPS-induced NO production through inhibiting IRF-1 translation. These findings elucidate a novel mechanism for anti-inflammatory activity of medium-chain fatty acid 10HDA.