2017 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 71-77
The effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on osteoclastogenesis were examined using fish scales that had both osteoclasts and osteoblasts. The binding of the receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) in osteoblasts to the receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) in osteoclasts induced osteoclastogenesis. Therefore, we focused on RANK/RANKL signaling. After 6 h of incubation following LIPUS treatment, mRNA expression of RANKL increased significantly. Resulting from the increased RANKL mRNA level, the expression of transcription-regulating factors significantly increased after 6 h of incubation, and then the mRNA expression of functional genes was significantly up-regulated after 12 h of incubation. However, the mRNA expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG), which is known as an osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor, also significantly increased after 6 h of incubation and tended to further increase after 12 h of incubation. At 24 h of incubation, osteoclastic functional genes’ mRNA expression decreased to the level of the control. Furthermore, we performed an in vivo experiment with goldfish. Two weeks after daily LIPUS exposure, osteoclastic marker enzymes tended to decrease while osteoblastic marker enzymes were activated. The regeneration rate of the LIPUS-treated scales was significantly higher than that of the control scales. Thus, LIPUS moderately activates osteoclasts and induces bone formation.