2021 Volume 42 Issue 3 Pages 103-108
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS). This study examined the effect of specific inhibition of α5 subunit-containing GABAA receptors (α5GABAAR) on the behavioral profile and neuronal activity of the CNS using a compound called L-655,708, which is a selective negative allosteric modulator of α5GABAAR. L-655,708 administration significantly increased locomotor activity without anxiety-related behavior. Furthermore, L-655,708 administration significantly increased c-Fos mRNA expression (a neuronal activity marker) in motor area of the cerebral cortex, whereas it hardly altered c-Fos mRNA expression in the sensory cortex, hippocampus, and spinal cord. This study revealed for the first time that alteration of neuronal activity with specific inhibition of α5GABAAR differs depending on each CNS region. α5GABAAR could be a potential target for modulating CNS excitability and behavioral activity.