2022 Volume 43 Issue 3 Pages 73-80
Arginine methylation is a common post-translational modification which functions as an epigenetic regulator of transcription and plays a key role in various cell signaling pathways. The methylation of arginine residues is catalyzed by protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT). However, the expression pattern and underlying mechanism of PRMTs and protein methylation profile in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced innate immune responses are poorly understood. Using a shotgun proteomic approach, we found that LPS stimulation increased arginine and proline metabolism and responses to inflammation and bacterial infections. In comparison, cysteine and methionine metabolism, the pentose phosphate pathway, purine metabolism, and protein methylation factors were also decreased in LPS stimulated murine macrophage cell lines. We revealed that LPS stimulation downregulated PRMT1, PRMT5, and protein arginine methylation profiles in RAW264.7 cells using western blot analysis. Additionally, this phenomenon occurred in parallel with nitric oxide accumulation in LPS-induced macrophages. Using inflammation models, we demonstrate for the first time that LPS stimulation decreases PRMTs, leading to the decreasing of arginine methylation in macrophages.