Biomedical Research
Online ISSN : 1880-313X
Print ISSN : 0388-6107
ISSN-L : 0388-6107
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Effects of ANP and BNP on the generation of respiratory rhythms in brainstem–spinal cord preparation isolated from newborn rats
Shino KATSUKIShinichiro OTAShunya YODAHiroshi ONIMARUKenji DOHIMasahiko IZUMIZAKI
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2022 Volume 43 Issue 4 Pages 127-135


Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are a family of peptide hormones produced in cardiac muscle cells and consist mainly of three types: atrial NP (ANP), B-type (or brain) NP (BNP), and C-type NP. We herein report the effects of ANP and BNP on central respiratory activity in brainstem–spinal cord preparation isolated from newborn rats. Bath application of these peptides (100 nM) induced a weak transient depression of the respiratory rhythm followed by recovery. Respiratory-related neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla showed a tendency for transient hyperpolarization followed by recovery during the application of ANP or BNP. The application of a membrane-permeable cGMP, 8-Br-cGMP (10 or 20 μM), did not induce significant effects on respiratory rhythm, suggesting no involvement of guanylyl cyclase in effects of ANP or BNP. We also examined effects of BNP on respiratory depression induced by the sedative dexmedetomidine, which exerts an inhibitory influence on respiratory rhythm. When pretreated with 50 nM BNP, the inhibitory effect of 100 nM dexmedetomidine was significantly reduced. Our findings suggest that ANP and BNP act as mild excitatory agents with sustained effects on respiratory rhythm after an initial transient depression.

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