2018 Volume 15 Pages 204-213
This investigation understands the interaction between lyophilized crude Viper snake venom (Doboia russellie) and Silver nanoparticles (SNPs) using biophysical and biochemical approaches. SNPs were synthesized by chemical reduction method and characterized using UV-Visible spectroscopy, Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The average hydrodynamic size of SNPs was found to be 52 nm with 0.261 PDI. TEM image revealed the spherical shape of SNP. Interaction of SNPs and viper venom was resulted in the formation of complex which was confirmed by using DLS technique. Spectroscopic results showed an increase in absorbance intensity of venom upon interaction with SNPs which indicated interaction with venom proteins. Fluorescence spectroscopic data revealed the quenching in the fluorescence intensity of viper venom upon incubation with varying concentration of SNPs. The results obtained by biochemical assays (Protease and whole blood clotting test) revealed the inhibition of venom action due to presence of silver nanoparticles. The activity of protease enzyme was found to be decreased (10–13% reduction) in presence of silver nanoparticles. Prolonged clotting time (two fold) of viper venom upon interaction with SNPs compared to native crude viper venom was observed. The overall results confirmed the inhibition action of silver nanoparticles against viper venom.