2008 年 44 巻 p. 11-20
The purpose of this paper is to reconsider shimin kyouiku based on the notion of the political subject through a reexamination of the history of lifelong and adult education. I pay attention to the theory of koumin kyouiku which was emphasized in the period between the 1920s and the Postwar Educational Reform and which influenced the formation of the system on lifelong and adult education in Japan.
Generally, the theory of koumin kyouiku has been regarded as a system of state control and the koumin (civic body) has been historically regarded as distinct from the shimin (citizenry). However, in recent years, it has been declared that there were various aspects covering the idea of fostering people's political awareness contained within the theory. Actually, we can see there is a correlation between koumin and shimin. In this paper, I took this viewpoint into account.
Through the examination, I clarify that there was a wide difference in studies of lifelong and adult education between the evaluation of the 1920s and that of the Postwar Educational Reform. The former has been interpreted as covering liberal aspects. On the other hand, the latter has been interpreted as an postwar version of the prewar state control. The difference arises from attitudes toward the the history of lifelong and adult education and the history of koumin kyouiku. It is important to analyze koumin and shimin independent of the traditional history of education.