The effects of polygodial isolated from the leaves of Tasmannia lanceolata on necrotizing agents-induced gastric lesions in rats were compared with capsaicin. Polygodial markedly inhibited the gastric mucosal lesions induced by several necrotizing agents, such as ethanol (ED50=0.029 mg/kg, p.o.), 0.6 M HCl (ED50=0.26 mg/kg, p.o.), and aspirin (ED50=0.38 mg/kg, p.o.), and partly inhibited the gastric mucosal lesions induced by indomethacin, but showed no significant effect on acid output in pylorus-ligated rats at doses of 0.05—0.5 mg/kg. The gastroprotection of polygodial was attenuated by pretreatment with indomethacin (10 mg/kg, s.c.), NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (70 mg/kg, i.p.), N-ethylmaleimide (10 mg/kg, s.c.) and ruthenium red (3.5 mg/kg, s.c.). Polygodial (0.2 mg/kg, p.o.) increased the amount of reduced glutathione in gastric mucosa of ethanol-treated group. These results suggested that endogenous prostaglandins, nitric oxide, sulfhydryl compounds and vanilloid receptor-mediated effects are involved in the protective effect of polygodial.
2003 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan