Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Inhibition of LPS-Induced iNOS, COX-2 and Cytokines Expression by Poncirin through the NF-κB Inactivation in RAW 264.7 Macrophage Cells
Jong-Bin KimAh-Reum HanEun-Young ParkJi-Yeon KimWoong ChoJun LeeEun-Kyoung SeoKyung-Tae Lee
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2007 Volume 30 Issue 12 Pages 2345-2351


We previously reported that poncirin, a flavanone glycoside isolated from the EtOAc extract of the dried immature fruits of Poncirus trifoliata, is an anti-inflammatory compound that inhibits PGE2 and IL-6 production. The present work was undertaken to investigate the molecular actions of poncirin in RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line. Poncirin reduced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and the mRNA expressions of iNOS, COX-2, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in a concentration-dependent manner, as determined by Western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively. Furthermore, poncirin inhibited the LPS-induced DNA binding activity of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Moreover, this effect was accompanied by a parallel reduction in IκB-α degradation and phosphorylation that in by nuclear translocations of p50 and p65 NF-κB subunits. Taken together, our data indicate that anti-inflammatory properties of poncirin might be the result from the inhibition iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α and IL-6 expression via the down-regulation of NF-κB binding activity.

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© 2007 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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