CD4+ T cells play a critical role in the development of allergic inflammation in several target organs. Various adhesion molecules are involved in the local recruitment of T cells and other inflammatory cells. We investigated the differential contribution of adhesion molecules to T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 cell-mediated allergic lung and bowel inflammation by employing their neutralizing antibodies. BALB/c mice transferred with in vitro-differentiated antigen-specific Th1 and Th2 cells were intratracheally or intrarectally challenged with a relevant antigen. Infiltration of infused T cells occurred, along with the accumulation of neutrophils and eosinophils in the lungs of Th1 and Th2 cell-transferred recipients, respectively. Th1-mediated neutrophil and Th2-mediated eosinophil accumulation in the large intestine, which occurred after intrarectal challenge with the antigen, was indicated by the significant elevation of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) activity. Blocking experiments with neutralizing antibodies indicated that intercellular cell adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1; vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1; and αL, β2, and β7 integrins participate in the accumulation of Th2 cells and eosinophils in the lungs. In contrast, the migration of Th1 cells and neutrophils was diminished by blockage of αL/β2-integrin and ICAM-1, respectively. Mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule (MadCAM)-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, α4, β1, and β7 contributed to Th1-mediated neutrophilic inflammation in the bowel, though only MadCAM-1, α4, αL, and β2 were involved in Th2-mediated eosinophilic inflammation. We conclude that distinct sets of adhesion molecules are involved in Th1- and Th2-mediated allergic lung and bowel inflammation.
2017 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan