2017 年 40 巻 9 号 p. 1409-1415
Epoxyeicosatorienoic acids (EETs) are generated from arachidonic acid (AA) by CYPs. EETs comprise four regioisomers (14,15-, 11,12-, 8,9-, and 5,6-EET). EETs show potent physiological effects, including vasodilation, anti-inflammation, myocardial preconditioning, and anti-platelet aggregation effects. We recently demonstrated that telmisartan, one of angiotensin II receptor blockers, inhibits AA metabolism by CYP enzymes, including CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and CYP2J2. We conducted studies of AA metabolism using recombinant CYP enzymes to estimate the inhibition constant and the type of inhibition by telmisartan of CYP2C9 and CYP2C8. The contribution ratio (CR) of each CYP enzyme was investigated using human liver microsomes. Dixon and Lineweaver–Burk plots indicated that telmisartan is a mixed inhibitor of both CYP2C9 and CYP2C8; telmisartan did not show a time-dependent inhibition toward these CYP enzymes. Based on the CRs, both CYP2C9 and CYP2C8 are the key enzymes in the metabolism of AA in the human liver. Uptake of telmisartan in the liver by organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B3 and the non-linear metabolism in gastrointestinal tract augment the potential of the drug to inhibit the CYP enzymes in the liver.