2019 年 42 巻 1 号 p. 110-115
The purpose of this study was to determine the serum protein binding of tadalafil in children with protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) and to evaluate the specific binding of the drug to human serum-derived proteins in vitro. Seventeen serum samples from two PLE patients used after biochemical tests were collected, and the unbound fraction of tadalafil was determined by an ultrafiltration method. The serum albumin concentrations observed in patients #1 and #2 were 2.4–4.2 and 2.9–3.5 g/dL, respectively. The ranges of unbound fraction of tadalafil in patients #1 and #2 were 3.9–13 and 5.0–7.0%, respectively. This suggested that serum albumin was at least a binding carrier for tadalafil because the unbound fraction of tadalafil and serum albumin were slightly correlated. The unbound fraction of tadalafil at the total concentration of 300 ng/mL was negatively dependent on the serum albumin concentration (range: 1.0–5.0 g/dL) in vitro. In the presence of albumin, the additive effect of γ-globulin on the unbound fraction of tadalafil was marginal, but the addition of α1-acid glycoprotein to test samples decreased the unbound fraction of the drug. The decrease in the unbound fraction of tadalafil was greater at low albumin levels (2 g/dL). The addition of lipoprotein to test samples also decreased the unbound fraction of tadalafil, suggesting that lipoprotein was also a binding carrier of the drug. These results suggested that the disposition and/or response to tadalafil in PLE patients was altered by the change in protein bindings of the drug.