2019 年 42 巻 5 号 p. 649-665
Peroxisomes are indispensable organelles in mammals including humans. They are involved in the β-oxidation of very long chain fatty acids, and the synthesis of ether phospholipids and bile acids. Pre-peroxisomes bud from endoplasmic reticulum and peroxisomal membrane and matrix proteins are imported to the pre-peroxisomes. Then, matured peroxisomes grow by division. Impairment of the biogenesis and function of peroxisomes results in severe diseases. Since I first undertook peroxisome research in Prof. de Duve’s laboratory at Rockefeller University in 1985, I have continuously studied peroxisomes for more than 30 years, with a particular focus on the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Here, I review the history of peroxisome research, the biogenesis and function of peroxisomes, and peroxisome disease including X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. The review includes the targeting and function of the ABC transporter subfamily D.