2019 年 42 巻 5 号 p. 819-826
Macrophage mannose receptor (MMR/CD206) is a promising target for the detection and identification of sentinel lymph node (SLN). MMR-targeting probes have been developed using mannosylated dextran, however, impairment of efficient targeting of SLN was often caused because of retention of injection site in which macrophages and dendritic cells exist. In this study, we prepared new MMR-targeting probes from yeast mannan (85 kDa), and its bioditribution was investigated. In-vivo evaluation showed that 11.9% of injected dose of 99mTc-labeled mannan-S-cysteines (99mTc-MSCs) was accumulated in popliteal lymph node (the SLN in this model), however, significant level of radioactivity (approximately 80%) was remained in injection site. Interestingly, 99mTc-labeled low molecular weight mannan-S-cysteine mannan (99mTc-LSC) prepared from 50 and 25 kDa mannan showed a decreased specific accumulation of 99mTc-LSC in the popliteal lymph node, while the radioactivity at the injection site remained unchanged. These results suggest that the molecular size, or nature/shape of the sugar chain is important for the specific accumulation of 99mTc-MSC in popliteal lymph node.