Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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Print ISSN : 0918-6158
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Sac1 Phosphoinositide Phosphatase Regulates Foam Cell Formation by Modulating SR-A Expression in Macrophages
Kiyomi NigorikawaTakuma MatsumuraHiromi SakamotoShin MoriokaSatoshi KofujiShunsuke TakasugaKaoru Hazeki
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2019 年 42 巻 6 号 p. 923-928

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Macrophages endocytose modified low-density lipoproteins (LDL) vigorously via scavenger receptor A (SR-A) to become foam cells. In the present study, we found that Sac1, a member of the Sac family of phosphoinositide phosphatases, increases the protein level of SR-A and upregulates foam cell formation. Mouse macrophages (RAW264.7) were transfected with short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) against Sac1. Sac1 knockdown decreased cell surface SR-A levels and impaired acetylated LDL-induced foam cell formation. Transfection of Sac1-knockdown cells with shRNA-resistant flag-Sac1 effectively rescued the expression of SR-A. Glycosylation of SR-A was largely attenuated by Sac1 knockdown, but neither mRNA expression nor protein degradation of SR-A were affected. These results suggest that Sac1 maintains SR-A protein levels by modulating SR-A glycosylation.

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