Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Influence of Crocetin, a Natural Carotenoid Dicarboxylic Acid in Saffron, on L-Type Ca2+ Current, Intracellular Ca2+ Handling and Contraction of Isolated Rat Cardiomyocytes
Zhifeng ZhaoBin ZhengJinghan LiZiheng WeiSijie ChuXue HanLi ChuHongfang WangXi Chu
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2020 Volume 43 Issue 9 Pages 1367-1374


Crocetin is a major bioactive ingredient in saffron (Crocus sativus L.) and has favorable cardiovascular effects. Here, the effects of crocetin on L-type Ca2+ current (ICa-L), contractility, and the Ca2+ transients of rat cardiomyocytes, were investigated via patch-clamp technique and the Ion Optix system. A 600 µg/mL dose of crocetin decreased ICa-L 31.50 ± 2.53% in normal myocytes and 35.56 ± 2.42% in ischemic myocytes, respectively. The current voltage nexus of the calcium current, the reversal of the calcium current, and the activation/deactivation of the calcium current was not changed. At 600 µg/mL, crocetin abated cell shortening by 28.6 ± 2.31%, with a decrease in the time to 50% of the peak and a decrease in the time to 50% of the baseline. At 600 µg/mL, crocetin abated the crest value of the ephemeral Ca2+ by 31.87 ± 2.57%. The time to half maximal of Ca2+ peak and the time constant of decay of Ca2+ transient were both reduced. Our results suggest that crocetin inhibits L-type Ca2+ channels, causing decreased intracellular Ca2+ concentration and contractility in adult rat ventricular myocytes. These findings reveal crocetin's potential use as a calcium channel antagonist for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.

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© 2020 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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