Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Inhibition of Spred/Sprouty Expression in the Skin of a Contact Dermatitis-Like Model
Hiroyasu Sakai Ken SatoKoya ItoIkoi KosugiMiho KiyamaRisako KonNobutomo IkarashiJunzo KameiYoshihiko ChibaTomoo Hosoe
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2022 Volume 45 Issue 8 Pages 1208-1212

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Abstract

We have previously reported that swellings caused by haptens, such as 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB), may be associated with the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-induced proliferation pathway. However, the involvement of the Spred/Sprouty family as critical negative regulators of the Ras/Raf/ERK signaling pathway at disease sites is not well-established. Thus, in the present study, the effects of hapten-challenge on the expression levels of genes and proteins associated with the Spred/Sprouty family in the ear of mice were investigated. The activation of ERK and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase was inhibited by their selective inhibitors, namely, U0126 and PD168393, respectively. Twenty-four hours after the final challenge by the haptens TNCB, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene, or oxazolone, ear thickness was augmented by challenge with all haptens and the gene expression levels of Spred1, Spred2, Sprouty1, and Sprouty2 in swelling induced by all haptens were significantly decreased. Furthermore, Spred2, Sprouty1, and Sprouty2 genes were decreased in the epidermis and dermis of the TNCB-challenged ear. In conclusion, it is possible that the mechanism of hapten-challenge-induced skin thickening involves not only the enhancement of cell proliferative functions via the activation of ERK by EGFR tyrosine kinase activation but also the decreases expression of Spred/Sprouty family members.

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