1994 Volume 17 Issue 2 Pages 173-179
The induction of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) in monkey plasma following administration of FK 565 was observed within 2 h of injection peaked at 4 h, and remained high after 24 h. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and M-CSF levels increased in monkeys treated with FK565, even at doses as low as 0.01 mg/kg. Granulocyte CSF (G-CSF) levels increased slightly following a dose of 1 mg/kg, but granulocyte macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) was not detected at any doses of FK565 studied. To examine the thrombopoietic activity of FK565 in vivo, single doses of drug (0.01, 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg) were administered i.v. to cynomolgus monkeys or normal mice on day 0. The promotes platelet (PLT) count after FK565 injection decreased transiently on days 1 and 2, and then increased in a dose-dependent manner on day 5 and was still high on day 14. The experiment using anti-PLT antibody showed that the increased PLT count was not simply due to a rebound phenomenon after the transient decrease in PLT. The effect of i.v. FK565 was studied in mice myelosuppressed with a single dose of mitomycin C (MMC) (5.6 mg/kg). The fall in PLT count was suppressed on day 7 by 0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg FK565. Although intact cells or tissues are necessary for an increase in PLT following FK565 treatment, FK565 suppressed the impaired hematopoietic function seen after chemotherapy. FK565 is proposed as a drug to restore reduced neutrophil and platelet counts found in AIDS or cancer therapy.