Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
Relationship between Age and Nephrotoxicity Following Single Low-Dose Cisplatin (CDDP) Injection in Rats
Kiyohiro NAMIKAWAAtsushi KINSOKUTakeshi MINAMIYuko OKAZAKIEizi KADOTAKazuhiro TERAMURAShigeo HASHIMOTO
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1995 Volume 18 Issue 7 Pages 957-962

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Abstract

We studied nephrotoxicity following a single injection of cisplatin (CDDP) at low dose (1mg/kg) in two groups of rats aged 52 weeks (adult, A group) and 9 weeks (young, Y group). Renal platinum (Pt) was detectable in both groups 3 h after the CDDP injection, and, from 6 h to 3 d after injection, its level in the A group was higher than that in the Y group. Compared with the levels in age-matched normal rats (non-treated rats examined at time zero), the plasma urea nitrogen and creatinine levels in the A group were significantly increased, beginning 3 d after CDDP injection, while those in the Y group showed little change for 10 d after injection. Beginning 3 d after CDDP injection, the level of renal metallothionein in the Y group increased, while that in the A group decreased remarkably. The renal tissue levels of the heavy metals Zn, Cu, Mn showed similar patterns. There were no significant changes in the renal lipid peroxide (LPO) level in either the A and Y group at any time measured after CDDP injection compared with the value in the respective age-matched untreated group. Morphological evaluation demonstrated degeneration of the proximal tubules in the A group 3d after CDDP injection. These results suggested that the renal disorders observed following CDDP injection in the A group were caused by mechanisms other than LPO, such as decreased tissue metabolic function associated with aging.

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