1995 Volume 18 Issue 7 Pages 963-967
Methanolic extract (CM-ext) from tubers of Corydalis turtschaninovii forma yanhusuo has been screened for activity in experimental models of types I-IV allergy. In type I allergic models, CM-ext at doses of 200, 500mg/kg, p. o. inhibited 48-h homologous passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) in rats which is related to IgE, and 4-h heterologous PCA in guinea pigs which is related to IgG. The inhibition of CM-ext on 48-h PCA was also recognized in adrenalectomized rats. CM-ext exhibited the inhibitory effect on formation of IgE antibody in BALB/c mice. In type II allergic model, it was found that CM-ext inhibits reversed cutaneous anaphylaxis (RCA). In type III allergic model, CM-ext showed the inhibitory effect on direct passive arthus reaction (DPAR) in rats. Furthermore, in type IV allergic model, CM-ext had the inhibitory effects on induction phase and effector phase in picryl chloride-induced contact dermatitis (PC-CD). It also showed therapeutic action on PC-CD. These results indicated that CM-ext not only inhibits antibody-mediated allergic reactions but also influences cell-mediated allergic reactions and should be recognized as a potent material for allergic reactions, although the mechanisms and active principles of CM-ext have not yet been completely determined.