1997 Volume 20 Issue 6 Pages 613-620
Transcriptional regulatory sequences often influence the efficiency of DNA replication, directly or indirectly, in bacteria, yeast, and animal virus systems. We have tested several transcriptional regulatory sequences for affecting DNA replication, based on pUC vector, in transient systems. Autonomous replication of transfected plasmids was assayed by PCR amplification of the fragments derived from the plasmids, which had replicated in mammalian cells. By this highly efficient method of detecting replicated molecules, pUC19, but not pUC18, showed a weak replication activity in transfected cells. Nucleotide sequences around the HindIII site in pUC19 were required for replication. Monomers or dimers of the octamer transcription motif of the mouse immunoglobulin heavy chain gene, inserted in multicloning sites of pUC19, could stimulate replication, while the 4- or 6-mers did not, in contrast to the results on its transcription activity. Other transcriptional elements including AP1, HSE, and E2F also stimulated replication, but neither CRE nor Sp1 binding motif did. These results suggest that at least some of the transcriptional regulatory sequences function as modulators of DNA replication as well as of transcription.