We report here the antihypertensive effect of wheat germ (WG) hydrolysate and its dominant peptide, Ile-Val-Tyr (IVY), with potent angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity. The toxicity test of AG50W fraction purified from the WG hydrolysate and IVY in ddy mice recvealed that 1 week median lethal concentrations of AG fraction and IVY were less than 100 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. As a result of an intravenous administration test of both inihibitors in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) significantly decreased with the dose; the MAP reduction of 10.3 and 19.2 mmHg was observed at a dose of 50 mg/kg of AG fraction and 5 mg/kg of IVY, respectively. In addition to this behavior, the MAP gradually decreased after the 5 mg/kg of IVY injection (time to give a maximum reduction; 8 min), and the reduction was held for 20 min. By using rat and human plasma, IVY was found to be metaboliazed by the action of aminopeptidase in plasma to form a subsequent ACE inhibitor, Val-Tyr (VY). Thus, the intake of OVY as a physiologically functional food would serve in the lowering of blood pressure (BP) by the combined depressor effect of itself and its metabolite after the absorption.
The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan