BPB Reports
Online ISSN : 2434-432X
Regular Article
Suramin Inhibits Mitochondrial ADP/ATP Carrier, Not Only from the Cytosolic Side But Also from the Matrix Side, of the Mitochondrial Inner Membrane
Yoshinobu FujiwaraTakeshi ItoAtsumi ToiyamaTakenori YamamotoNaoshi YamazakiMitsuru ShindoYasuo Shinohara
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2021 Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages 92-97

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Abstract

Suramin was earlier reported to show inhibitory effects on the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier. However, two important questions, i) whether it shows a specific inhibition of the ADP/ATP carrier when applied to isolated mitochondria, and ii) whether it inhibits the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier only from the cytosolic side or from the matrix side, as has been observed with its canonical inhibitors of carboxyatractyloside or bongkrekic acid, remain to be answered. In the present study, we sought exact answers to these questions. As for the first question, suramin showed certain inhibitory effects on the mitochondrial respiratory chain; and at a concentration of 25 μM it showed strong inhibition of the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier. This property was due to its weaker inhibitory effects on the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier than those of carboxyatractyloside or bongkrekic acid. As for the second question, suramin inhibited the ADP/ATP carrier from both sides of the mitochondrial inner membrane. Thus, suramin was concluded to be utilizable as a new type of inhibitor for the ADP/ATP carrier; but we must pay attention to its side-effects, especially when it is applied to whole mitochondria.

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© 2021 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

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