1994 年 26 巻 3 号 p. 15-24
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of physical fitness in college male kendo competitors(KC)by comparing the composing factors of physical fitness between 136 KC and 61 general college male students of a similar age(GS). A total of 42 tests representing 5 physical fitness domains was examined on the above mentioned subjects. Factor analytic technique was applied to each correlation matrix consisted of variable groups of each physical fitness domain.
The main findings can be summarized as follows:
1)Values of body bulk variables such as body weight, upper arm girth and lower leg girth in KC group were significantly higher than those in GS group.Among the 3 physique factors interpreted, a significant difference in body bulk factor was found between KC and GS groups, but not in body fat and body linearity factors. The KC group was inferred to have more developed muscle.
2)Static strength values such as grip strength, back strength, leg strength, shoulder arm strength, and standing long jump in KC group were significantly higher than those in GS group.Static strength and dynamic strength factors in strength domain were interpreted and the former's value was significantly higher in KC group than in GS group.The KC group was inferred to be superior in static strength of the limbs and trunk, and in muscular power of lower limbs.
3)Values of agility tests such as side?steps, total body reaction time and fingertip in KC group were significantly superior to those in GS group.Among the 3 nervous function factors interpreted, significant differences in agility factors of limbs and total body were found between KC and GS groups, but not in balance factor. The KC group was inferred to be superior in agility-of limbs and total body.
4)Values of trunk and ankle flexibilities in KC group were significantly less than those in GS group.Among the 3 joint function factors interpreted, trunk and ankle flexibility factors were significantly inferior in KC group to in GS group.Therefore, the KC group was inferred to be inferior in flexibility of trunk and ankle.
5)Values of the 3 cadiovascular function factors of aerobic power, respiratory function, and anaerobic power were significantly higher in KC group as compared with GS group.Therefore, the KC group was inferred to have superior cardiovascular function.