1996 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 36-46
Though Judo has been recognized as an international modern Sport, it is assumed that the traditional Japanese spirit and culture is still evident in Judo.
The purpose of this study was to compare the traditional Japanese values toward Sport held by Japanese Judo players and Japanese general sports people. A questionnaire survey, which was based upon the scales of H. Tatano (1984), was conducted to a group of Judo players (n=112, males, University students) and a group of sports people (n=139, males, University students).
The data was analyzed from the viewpoints of 4 factors and revealed the following results
1. The Judo group tend to admit having the “spiritual self-discipline”. But the Sports group also tend to have it, thus it was not seen to be a particular tendency in the Judo group.Almost all Japanese sports people including Judo or other traditional martial arts players seemed to have this kind of discipline.
2. The Judo group tend to admit to a higher “technical self-discipline” than the Sports group.This meant that the Judo group put a higher emphasis on the process of acquiring techniques. This was thought to be due to the formation of personal character through the acquiring of techniques, and originated in the way of Samurai warriors.
3. Both of the groups tend to admit “the emotions of shame and obligation to the group” which was a typical emotion in the Samurai society. But it was not as high a tendency as we expected in the Judo group.
4. The Judo group were slightly more negative than the Sports group towards “traditional formality”. It was thought that modern Judo players were inclined to put a higher value on the essence of Judo rather than on meaningless seniority and behavioral patterns.